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A nonlinear primal-dual method for total variation-based image restoration. (English) Zbl 0929.68118
Summary: We present a new method for solving Total Variation (TV) minimization problems in image restoration. The main idea is to remove some of the singularity caused by the nondifferentiability of the quantity $| \nabla u| $ in the definition of the TV-norm before we apply a linearization technique such as Newton’s method. This is accomplished by introducing an additional variable for the flux quantity appearing in the gradient of the objective function, which can be interpreted as the normal vector to the level sets of the image u. Our method can be viewed as a primal-dual method as proposed by {\it A. R. Conn} and {\it M. L. Overton} [A Primal-Dual Interior Point Method for Minimizing a Sum of Euclidean Norms, preprint (1994)] and {\it K. D. Andersen} [Ph.D. thesis, Odense University, Denmark (1995)] for the minimization of a sum of Euclidean norms. In addition to possessing local quadratic convergence, experimental results show that the new method seems to be globally convergent.

68U10Image processing (computing aspects)
65K10Optimization techniques (numerical methods)
65F10Iterative methods for linear systems
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