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A theorem of the complement and some new o-minimal structures. (English) Zbl 0948.03037
A prestructure is a sequence \((S_n)\) where \(S_n\) is a collection of subsets of \(\mathbb{R}^n\). It is a structure if the \(S_n\) are Boolean algebras, contain the semi-algebraic subsets of \(\mathbb{R}^n\), and for \(m>n\) the projection of \(S_m\) is contained in \(S_n\). A structure is o-minimal if the boundary of every set in \(S_1\) is finite.
It is known that \(\mathbb{R}_{\text{an}}\), the structure of globally analytical sets, is o-minimal. Another example of an o-minimal structure is \(\mathbb{R}_{\text{exp}}\), which is generated by the sets of the form \(f^{-1}(0)\), where \(f:\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}\) is an exponential polynomial.
The author investigates \(\mathbb{R}_{\text{Pfaff}}\), the prestructure of the sets \(f^{-1}(0)\) with \(f:\mathbb{R}^n\to \mathbb{R}\) Pfaffian. He shows that the structure generated by \(\mathbb{R}_{\text{Pfaff}}\) is o-minimal. It is not known whether \(\mathbb{R}_{\text{Pfaff}}\) is closed under complementation.
Reviewer: M.Weese (Potsdam)

03C64 Model theory of ordered structures; o-minimality
03C10 Quantifier elimination, model completeness and related topics
14P10 Semialgebraic sets and related spaces
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