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On boundary regularity of analytic discs. (English) Zbl 0985.32009
The authors study the boundary behavior of analytic discs near the zero set of a non-negative plurisubharmonic function on a complex manifold.
The main result can be stated as follows: let \(\Omega\) be a complex manifold, \(\rho\) a plurisubharmonic function in \(\Omega\), and \(f:\Delta \to\Omega\) a holomorphic map of the unit disc \(\Delta\subset\mathbb{C}\) into \(\Omega\) such that \(\rho\circ f\geq 0\) and \(\rho\circ f(\zeta)\to 0\) as \(\zeta\) tends to an open \(\text{arc} \gamma \subset\partial \Delta\). Assume that for some point \(a\in \partial\Delta\), the cluster set \(C(f,a)\) contains a point \(p\) such that \(\rho\) is strictly plurisubharmonic in a neighborhood of \(p\). Then \(f\) extends to a \({1\over 2}\)-Hölder map in a neighborhood of \(a\) in \(\Delta \cup\gamma\). Moreover, if \(\rho\) takes only non-negative values and, for some \(\theta\in [{1\over 2},1]\), the function \(\rho^\theta\) is plurisubharmonic in a neighborhood of \(p\), then \(f\) is actually \({1\over 2\theta}\)-Hölder in a neighborhood of \(a\) in \(\Delta\cup \gamma\).
The authors describe a number of applications, especially to the study of the boundary behavior of analytic discs near totally real submanifolds of \(\mathbb{C}^n\).
A key argument of the proof is an estimate of the Kobayashi metric which is interesting in itself, and has to be compared with former results by N. Sibony [Ann. Math. Stud. 100, 357-372 (1981; Zbl 0476.32033)] and F. Berteloot [Banach Cent. Publ. 31, 91-98 (1995; Zbl 0831.32012)], among others.

32H40 Boundary regularity of mappings in several complex variables
32F45 Invariant metrics and pseudodistances in several complex variables
32U05 Plurisubharmonic functions and generalizations
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