Finite rank approximation and semidiscreteness for linear operators.

*(English)*Zbl 0989.46033A \(C^*\)-algebra \(B\) is called to be nuclear if \(A\otimes_{\min}B= A\otimes_{\max}B\) holds true for all \(C^*\)-algebras \(A\). This is equivalent to the existence of a net \(B@>\alpha_i>> M_{n_i} @>\beta_i>> B\) of completely positive contractions \(\alpha_i\), \(\beta_i\) with \(\lim\beta_i\alpha_i= I_B\) pointwise. G. Pisier has introduced an operator version of this concept: A completely bounded map \(u: Y\to B\), \(B\) any \(C^*\)-algebra and \(Y\) any operator space, is called to be \(c\)-nuclear, if for every \(C^*\)-algebra \(A\) the mapping \(I_A\otimes u: A\otimes_{\min} Y\to A\otimes_{max}B\) is bounded with a norm less than \(c\). There is again an equivalent characterization by finite rank approximation \(Y@> \alpha_i>> M_{n_i} @>\beta_i>> B\) of \(u\). For the case of von Neumann algebras the notion of nuclearity has to be replaced by that of semidiscreteness: a von Neumann algebra \(M\) is called to be semidiscrete, if \(A\otimes_{\min} M= A\otimes_{\text{nor}}M\) for each \(C^*\)-algebra \(A\). (\(A\otimes_{\text{nor}}M\) denotes the normal tensor product introduced by E. Effros.) Again in this case there is an equivalent characterization of nets of finite rank operators \(M@> \alpha_i>> M_{n_i}@> \beta_i>> M\).

In the paper under review the author introduces an operator version of semidiscreteness as follows: a map \(u: Z\to M\), \(Z\) an operator space, is called to be \(c\)-semidiscrete, if for any \(C^*\)-algebra \(A\) the tensor map \(I_A\otimes u: A\otimes_{\min} Z\to A\otimes_{\text{nor}}M\) is bounded with a norm less than \(c\). As a main result, an equivalent characterization of the \(c\)-discreteness by finite rank approximation of \(u\) in the above sense is given, and the relationship to the \(c\)-nuclearity is studied. Since a \(C^*\)-algebra \(B\) is nuclear iff \(B^{**}\) is semidiscrete, one has to compare \(c\)-nuclear maps \(u: Y\to B\) with properties of \(u^{**}\). The author shows that for completely bounded mappings \(u: Y\to B\) the \(c\)-semidiscreteness of \(u^{**}\) implies the \(c\)-nuclearity of \(u\). The converse holds true if \(Y\) is locally reflexive.

In the paper under review the author introduces an operator version of semidiscreteness as follows: a map \(u: Z\to M\), \(Z\) an operator space, is called to be \(c\)-semidiscrete, if for any \(C^*\)-algebra \(A\) the tensor map \(I_A\otimes u: A\otimes_{\min} Z\to A\otimes_{\text{nor}}M\) is bounded with a norm less than \(c\). As a main result, an equivalent characterization of the \(c\)-discreteness by finite rank approximation of \(u\) in the above sense is given, and the relationship to the \(c\)-nuclearity is studied. Since a \(C^*\)-algebra \(B\) is nuclear iff \(B^{**}\) is semidiscrete, one has to compare \(c\)-nuclear maps \(u: Y\to B\) with properties of \(u^{**}\). The author shows that for completely bounded mappings \(u: Y\to B\) the \(c\)-semidiscreteness of \(u^{**}\) implies the \(c\)-nuclearity of \(u\). The converse holds true if \(Y\) is locally reflexive.

Reviewer: Heinz Junek (Potsdam)

##### MSC:

46L06 | Tensor products of \(C^*\)-algebras |

46L99 | Selfadjoint operator algebras (\(C^*\)-algebras, von Neumann (\(W^*\)-) algebras, etc.) |

46B28 | Spaces of operators; tensor products; approximation properties |

47L20 | Operator ideals |

46L10 | General theory of von Neumann algebras |

47L30 | Abstract operator algebras on Hilbert spaces |

##### Keywords:

approximation; tensor products; von Neumann algebras; operators algebras; nuclear \(C^*\)-algebras; completely bounded map; nuclearity; semidiscreteness; nets of finite rank operators; tensor map; \(c\)-semidiscreteness; \(c\)-nuclearity##### References:

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