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Theoretical and numerical analysis for the quasi-continuum approximation of a material particle model. (English) Zbl 1010.74003
Summary: In many applications materials are modeled by a large number of particles (or atoms) where any one of particles interacts with all others. Near or nearest neighbor interaction is expected to be a good simplification of the full interaction in the engineering community. We analyze the error between the approximate solution of the simplified problem and that of the full-interaction problem so as to answer the question mathematically for a one-dimensional model. A few numerical methods have been designed in the engineering literature for the simplified model. Recently much attention has been paid to a finite-element-like quasicontinuum (QC) method which utilizes a mixed atomistic-continuum approximation model. No numerical analysis has been done yet. We estimate the error of the QC method for this one-dimensional model. Possible ill-posedness of the method and its modification are discussed as well.

74A15 Thermodynamics in solid mechanics
82B21 Continuum models (systems of particles, etc.) arising in equilibrium statistical mechanics
74S05 Finite element methods applied to problems in solid mechanics
82-08 Computational methods (statistical mechanics) (MSC2010)
Full Text: DOI
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