Existence, uniqueness and regularity for solutions of the conical diffraction problem. (English) Zbl 1010.78008

Summary: This paper is devoted to the analysis of two Helmholtz equations in \(\mathbb{R}^2\) coupled via quasiperiodic transmission conditions on a set of piecewise smooth interfaces. The solution of this system is quasiperiodic in one direction and satisfies outgoing wave conditions with respect to the other direction. It is shown that Maxwell’s equations for the diffraction of a time-harmonic oblique incident plane wave by periodic interfaces can be reduced to problems of this kind. The analysis is based on a strongly elliptic variational formulation of the differential problem in a bounded periodic cell involving nonlocal boundary operators. We obtain existence and uniqueness results for solutions corresponding to electromagnetic fields with locally finite energy. Special attention is paid to the regularity and leading asymptotics of solutions near the edges of the interface.


78A45 Diffraction, scattering
35J05 Laplace operator, Helmholtz equation (reduced wave equation), Poisson equation
Full Text: DOI


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