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The Schrödinger operator on the energy space: Boundedness and compactness criteria. (English) Zbl 1013.35021
This paper deals with the property of the Schrödinger operator on the energy space. The authors present an complete solution to the problem of the relative form-boundedness of the potential energy operator $V$ with respect to the Laplacian $-\Delta$, which is fundamental to quantum mechanics. Moreover, the authors give both boundedness and compactness criteria for Sobolev spaces on domains $\Omega\subset \bbfR^d$ under mild restrictions on $\partial \Omega$. They obtain also criteria for the classical inequality $$\left |\int_{\bbfR^d} \bigl|u(x)\bigr |^2 V(x)dx\right |\le C_* \int_{ \bbfR^d} \bigl|\nabla u(x) \bigr|^2dx,\ u\in C_0^\infty (\bbfR^d),$$ to be hold, where the “indefinite” weight $V$ may change sign, or even be a complex-valued distribution on $\bbfR^d$, $d\ge 3$.

35J10Schrödinger operator
35B35Stability of solutions of PDE
47F05Partial differential operators
47H50Potential operators (MSC2000)
46N50Applications of functional analysis in quantum physics
Full Text: DOI
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