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Complex difference equations of Malmquist type. (English) Zbl 1013.39001
Summary: {\it M. J. Ablowitz}, {\it R. Halburd} and {\it B. Herbst} [Nonlinearity 13, No. 3, 889-905 (2000; Zbl 0956.39003)] applied Nevanlinna theory to prove some results on complex difference equations reminiscent of the classical Malmquist theorem in complex differential equations. A typical example of their results tells us that if a complex difference equation $$y(z+ 1)+ y(z- 1)= R(z, y)$$ with $R(z, y)$ rational in both arguments admits a transcendental meromorphic solution of finite order, then $\deg_yR(z,y)\le 2$. Improvements and extensions of such results are presented in this paper. In addition to order considerations, a result is proved to indicate that solutions having Borel exceptional zeros and poles seem to appear in special situations only.

39A10Additive difference equations
34M05Entire and meromorphic solutions (ODE)
39A12Discrete version of topics in analysis
30D35Distribution of values (one complex variable); Nevanlinna theory
Full Text: DOI Link
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