Image denoising: Pointwise adaptive approach. (English) Zbl 1018.62047

Summary: A new method of pointwise adaptation has been proposed and studied by V. G. Spokoiny [Ann. Stat. 26, No. 4, 1356-1378 (1998; Zbl 0934.62037)] in the context of estimation of piecewise smooth univariate functions. The present paper extends that method to estimation of bivariate grey-scale images composed of large homogeneous regions with smooth edges and observed with noise on a gridded design. The proposed estimator \(\widehat f(x)\) at a point \(x\) is simply the average of observations over a window \(\widehat U(x)\) selected in a data-driven way. The theoretical properties of the procedure are studied for the case of piecewise constant images. We present a nonasymptotic bound for the accuracy of estimation at a specific grid point \(x\) as a function of the number of pixels \(n\), of the distance from the point of estimation to the closest boundary and of smoothness properties and orientation of this boundary.
It is also shown that the proposed method provides a near-optimal rate of estimation near edges and inside homogeneous regions. We briefly discuss algorithmic aspects and the complexity of the procedure. The numerical examples demonstrate a reasonable performance of the method and they are in agreement with the theoretical issues. An example from satellite (SAR) imaging illustrates the applicability of the method.


62H35 Image analysis in multivariate analysis
62G08 Nonparametric regression and quantile regression
65C60 Computational problems in statistics (MSC2010)
62G07 Density estimation


Zbl 0934.62037


wavethresh; AWS; spatial
Full Text: DOI


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