## Exponential sums equations and the Schanuel conjecture.(English)Zbl 1030.11073

Following certain ideas and constructions in model theory, we discuss here a ‘uniform’ version of the Schanuel conjecture: for any algebraic variety $$V\subseteq \mathbb C^{2n}$$ of dimension less than $$n$$ there is a finite set $$\mu(V)$$ of proper $$\mathbb Q$$-linear subspaces of $$\mathbb C^n$$ such that, given $\langle x_1,\dots , x_n,\exp(x_1),\dots ,\exp(x_n)\rangle \in V,$ there is $$M\in \mu(V)$$ and an integer vector $$\overline z\in \mathbb Z^n$$ such that $\langle x_1,\dots , x_n\rangle\in M+ 2\pi i\cdot \overline z,$ and $$M$$ is of codimension at least 2 or $$\overline z=0.$$
As a matter of fact, this conjecture is a combination of the Schanuel conjecture and a conjecture of a Diophantine kind about intersections of algebraic varieties and tori. The latter can be naturally generalized to the case of semi-Abelian varieties, and in this generality it is stronger than the statement of the Mordell-Lang conjecture.
Assuming the uniform Schanuel conjecture we prove that any ‘non-obviously-contradictory’ system of equations in the form of exponential sums with real exponents [see B. Ya. Kazarnovskij, Funct. Anal. Appl. 31, No. 2, 86-94 (1997; Zbl 0911.32008)] has a solution.

### MSC:

 11U09 Model theory (number-theoretic aspects) 11J99 Diophantine approximation, transcendental number theory 03C65 Models of other mathematical theories 11L99 Exponential sums and character sums

Zbl 0911.32008
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