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**Heuristic and metaheuristic approaches for a class of two-dimensional bin packing problems.**
*(English)*
Zbl 1034.90500

Summary: Two-dimensional bin packing problems consist of allocating, without overlapping, a given set of small rectangles (items) to a minimum number of large identical rectangles (bins), with the edges of the items parallel to those of the bins. According to the specific application, the items may either have a fixed orientation or they can be rotated by \(90^\circ\). In addition, it may or not be imposed that the items are obtained through a sequence of edge-to-edge cuts parallel to the edges of the bin. In this article, we consider the class of problems arising from all combinations of the above requirements. We introduce a new heuristic algorithm for each problem in the class, and a unified tabu search approach that is adapted to a specific problem by simply changing the heuristic used to explore the neighborhood. The average performance of the single heuristics and of the tabu search are evaluated through extensive computational experiments.