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Amoebas, Monge-Ampère measures, and triangulations of the Newton polytope. (English) Zbl 1043.32001
Summary: The amoeba of a holomorphic function \(f\) is, by definition, the image in \(\mathbb{R}^n\) of the zero locus of \(f\) under the simple mapping that takes each coordinate to the logarithm of its modulus. The terminology was introduced in the 1990s by the famous (biologist and) mathematician Israel Gelfand and his coauthors Kapranov and Zelevinsky (GKZ).
In this paper we study a natural convex potential function \(N_f\) with the property that its Monge-Ampère mass is concentrated to the amoeba of \(f\). We obtain results of two kinds; by approximating \(N_f\) with a piecewise linear function, we get striking combinatorial information regarding the amoeba and the Newton polytope of \(f\); by computing the Monge-Ampère measure, we find sharp bounds for the area of amoebas in \(\mathbb{R}^2\). We also consider systems of functions \(f_1,\dots,f_n\) and prove a local version of the classical Bernstein theorem on the number of roots of systems of algebraic equations.

MSC:
32A60 Zero sets of holomorphic functions of several complex variables
14M25 Toric varieties, Newton polyhedra, Okounkov bodies
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