Periodic and subharmonic solutions for superquadratic discrete Hamiltonian systems. (English) Zbl 1053.39011

Some results are obtained for the existence and subharmonic solutions to discrete Hamiltonian systems \[ \begin{aligned}\Delta x_1(n) &= -H_{x_2}(n, x_1(n+1), x_2(n)),\\ \Delta x_2(u) &= H_{x_1}(n, x_1(n+1), x_2(n))\end{aligned}\tag{1} \] by using critical point theory, where \(x_1,x_2\in \mathbb{R}^d\), \(H\in C^1(\mathbb{R}\times \mathbb{R}^d\times \mathbb{R}^d,\mathbb{R})\), \(\Delta x_i(n)= x_i(n+ 1)- x_i(n)\), \(i= 1,2\).
Denote \(z= (x^T_1, x^T_2)^T\), \(H(t, z)= H(t, x_1,x_2)\) and assume the following conditions
\((\text{H}_1)\) \(H(t, z)\in C^1(\mathbb{R}\times \mathbb{R}^{2d},\mathbb{R})\) and there exists a positive integer \(m\) such that \(\forall(x,z)\in \mathbb{R}\times \mathbb{R}^{2d}\), \(H(t+ m,z)= H(t,z)\),
\((\text{H}_2)\) For any \((t, z)\in \mathbb{R}\times\mathbb{R}^{2d}\), \(H(t,z)\geq 0\) and \(H(t,z)= o(| z|^{2d})\) (as \(z\to 0\));
\((\text{H}_3)\) There exist some constants \(R> 0\), \(\beta> 2\) such that for any \(| z|\geq R\), \((z,H^1_z(t,z))\geq\beta H(t,z)> 0\);
\((\text{H}_4)\) \(H(t,z)\) is even for the second variable \(z\), namely, \(H(t,-z) =H(t, z)\), \(\forall (t, z)\in\mathbb{R}\times\mathbb{R}^{2d}\). By assumptions \((\text{H}_1)\) and \((\text{H}_3)\) the authors see that \(H(t,z)\geq a_1| z|^\beta- a_2\), \(\forall(t,z)\in \mathbb{R}\times \mathbb{R}^{2d}\). So assumptions \((\text{H}_1)\)–\((\text{H}_3)\) imply that \(H(t, z)\) grows superquadratically both at zero and at infinity. The main results of this paper are the following two theorems:
Theorem 1: Under assumption \((\text{H}_1)\)–\((\text{H}_4)\) for any given positive integer \(p\), there exist at least \(d(pm -1)\) geometrically distance nontrivial periodic solutions of the system (1) with period \(pm\).
Without assumption \((\text{H}_4)\), they have
Theorem (2): Under assumptions \((\text{H}_1)\)–\((\text{H}_3)\), for any given positive integer \(p\), there exist at least two nontrivial periodic solutions of (1) with period \(pm\).


39A11 Stability of difference equations (MSC2000)
58E50 Applications of variational problems in infinite-dimensional spaces to the sciences
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