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The infinite volume limit of dissipative abelian sandpiles. (English) Zbl 1075.82013
Summary: We construct the thermodynamic limit of the stationary measures of the Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld sandpile model with a dissipative toppling matrix (sand grains may disappear at each toppling). We prove uniqueness and mixing properties of this measure and we obtain an infinite volume ergodic Markov process leaving it invariant. We show how to extend the Dhar formalism of the ‘abelian group of toppling operators’ to infinite volume in order to obtain a compact abelian group with a unique Haar measure representing the uniform distribution over the recurrent configurations that create finite avalanches

MSC:
82C22 Interacting particle systems in time-dependent statistical mechanics
60K35 Interacting random processes; statistical mechanics type models; percolation theory
82C20 Dynamic lattice systems (kinetic Ising, etc.) and systems on graphs in time-dependent statistical mechanics
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