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A dynamic programming algorithm for the conditional covering problem on tree graphs. (English) Zbl 1093.90073
Summary: In a previous article [ibid. 46, No. 4, 177--185 (2005; Zbl 1093.90068)], we presented algorithms for solving the Conditional Covering Problem (CCP) on path and extended star graphs. The CCP on these graphs can be solved in $O(n^2)$ time, where $n$ is the number of nodes in the graph. In this article, we propose a new dynamic programming procedure to solve the CCP on tree graphs. This recursion works from the leaf nodes of the tree up to the root node, using notions of protected and unprotected costs as done for the CCP path algorithm in our previous work. We introduce new preliminary routines and data structures to merge information from subpaths and subtrees, resulting in an $O(n^4)$ algorithm to optimally solve the problem.

90C39Dynamic programming
90B80Discrete location and assignment
05C69Dominating sets, independent sets, cliques
05C70Factorization, etc.
90B10Network models, deterministic (optimization)
90C35Programming involving graphs or networks
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