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Geometry of manifolds with special holonomy: “100 years of holonomy”. (English) Zbl 1096.53027
Jensen, Gary R. (ed.) et al., 150 years of mathematics at Washington University in St. Louis. Sesquicentennial of mathematics at Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA, October 3–5, 2003. Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society (AMS) (ISBN 0-8218-3603-X/pbk). Contemporary Mathematics 395, 29-38 (2006).
Summary: The concept of holonomy first showed up in 19th century mechanics. Cartan and Shelton further developed the theory in early 90’s and Berger was able to classify possible subgroups. The existence of examples and other applications were studied in the late 90’s.
For the entire collection see [Zbl 1086.01003].

53C29 Issues of holonomy in differential geometry
01A55 History of mathematics in the 19th century
01A60 History of mathematics in the 20th century
70G45 Differential geometric methods (tensors, connections, symplectic, Poisson, contact, Riemannian, nonholonomic, etc.) for problems in mechanics