Sharpening Jordan’s inequality and the Yang Le inequality. (English) Zbl 1097.26012

Summary: In this work, the following inequality \[ \frac{\sin x}{x}\leq \frac 2\pi+ \frac{\pi-2}{\pi^3} (\pi^2-4x^2), \quad x\in (0,\pi/2] \] is established. An application of this inequality gives an improvement of the Yang Le inequality [C. J. Zhao, “Generalization and strengthening of the Yang Le inequality”, Math. Practice Theory 30, No. 4, 493–497 (2000)]: \[ (n-1) \sum_{k=1}^n \cos^2\lambda A_k-2\cos\lambda\pi \sum_{1\leq i<j\leq n}\cos\lambda A_i\cos\lambda A_j\leq 4\binom n2 \biggl( \lambda^3+ \frac{\lambda(1-\lambda^2)}{2} \pi\biggr)^2, \] where \(A_i>0\) \((i=1,2,\dots,n)\), \(\sum_{i=1}^n A_i\leq\pi\), \(0\leq\lambda\leq 1\), and \(n\geq 2\) is a natural number.


26D05 Inequalities for trigonometric functions and polynomials
42A05 Trigonometric polynomials, inequalities, extremal problems
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[5] Anderson, G. D.; Qiu, S.-L.; Vamanamurthy, M. K.; Vuorinen, M., Generalized elliptic integrals and modular equations, Pacific J. Math., 192, 1-37 (2000)
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