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A characterization of convex calibrable sets in $$\mathbb R^N$$. (English) Zbl 1108.35073
The authors extend a known characterization of calibrable sets in $${\mathbb R}^2$$ in term of the mean curvature of the boundary to every dimension. Precisely they prove that a convex and bounded set $$C \subset {\mathbb R}^n$$ of class $$C^{1,1}$$ is calibrable, i.e. once defined $$\lambda_C:= P(C)/| C|$$ where $$P(A)$$ denotes the perimeter of $$A$$ and $$| A|$$ the $$n$$-dimensional volume of $$A$$, there is a vector field $$z \in L^{\infty}(C, {\mathbb R}^n)$$, $$\| z\| _{\infty} \leqslant 1$$, such that $- \text{div} \, z = \lambda_C \text{ in } \;C\, , z \cdot \nu^C = -1 \text{ in } \;\partial C\, .$ if and only if ($${\mathbf H}_C$$ denotes the mean curvature) $(n-1) \text{ ess sup}_{x \in \partial C} {\mathbf H}_C (x) \leq \lambda_C \, .$
Moreover $$C$$ is a solution of the minimum problem $\min_{X \subset C} P(X) - \lambda_C | X| \, .$ As a by-product they obtain that any set $$C$$ as above contain a convex calibrate set $$K$$ and for every volume $$V \in [| K| , | C| ]$$ the solution of $\min_{X \subset C\, , | X| =V} P(X)$ is a convex set. The evolution of sets $$C = C_1 \cup \dots \cup C_k$$, with $$C_j$$ of class $$C^{1,1}$$ convex sets satisfying $${\overline C}_i \cap {\overline C}_j = \emptyset$$, by the minimizing total variation flow is also described.

##### MSC:
 35J70 Degenerate elliptic equations 49J40 Variational inequalities 35K65 Degenerate parabolic equations
##### Keywords:
calibrable sets; mean curvature
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