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Nonholonomic LR systems as generalized Chaplygin systems with an invariant measure and flows on homogeneous spaces. (English) Zbl 1125.37045
Summary: We consider a class of dynamical systems on a compact Lie group \(G\) with a left-invariant metric and right-invariant nonholonomic constraints (so-called LR systems) and show that, under a generic condition on the constraints, such systems can be regarded as generalized Chaplygin systems on the principle bundle \(G \to Q = G/H\), \(H\) being a Lie subgroup. In contrast to generic Chaplygin systems, the reductions of our LR systems onto the homogeneous space \(Q\) always possess an invariant measure.
We study the case \(G = \text{SO}(n)\), when LR systems are multidimensional generalizations of the Veselova problem of a nonholonomic rigid body motion which admit a reduction to systems with an invariant measure on the (co)tangent bundle of Stiefel varieties \(V(k,n)\) as the corresponding homogeneous spaces.
For \(k = 1\) and a special choice of the left-invariant metric on \(\text{SO}(n)\), we prove that after a time substitution the reduced system becomes an integrable Hamiltonian system describing a geodesic flow on the unit sphere \(S^{n-1}\). This provides a first example of a nonholonomic system with more than two degrees of freedom for which the celebrated Chaplygin reducibility theorem is applicable for any dimension. In this case we also explicitly reconstruct the motion on the group \(\text{SO}(n)\).

37J60 Nonholonomic dynamical systems
37J35 Completely integrable finite-dimensional Hamiltonian systems, integration methods, integrability tests
70F25 Nonholonomic systems related to the dynamics of a system of particles
70H06 Completely integrable systems and methods of integration for problems in Hamiltonian and Lagrangian mechanics
70H45 Constrained dynamics, Dirac’s theory of constraints
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