Modeling weakly nonlinear acoustic wave propagation.

*(English)*Zbl 1125.76379
Q. J. Mech. Appl. Math. 60, No. 4, 473-495 (2007); corrigendum and addendum ibid. 68, No. 2, 231-233 (2015).

Summary: Three weakly nonlinear models of lossless, compressible fluid flow – a straightforward weakly nonlinear equation (WNE), the inviscid Kuznetsov equation (IKE) and the Lighthill-Westervelt equation (LWE) – are derived from first principles and their relationship to each other is established. Through a numerical study of the blow-up of acceleration waves, the weakly nonlinear equations are compared to the ‘exact’ Euler equations, and the ranges of applicability of the approximate models are assessed. By reformulating these equations as hyperbolic systems of conservation laws, we are able to employ a Godunov-type finite-difference scheme to obtain numerical solutions of the approximate models for times beyond the instant of blow-up (that is, shock formation), for both density and velocity boundary conditions. Our study reveals that the straightforward WNE gives the best results, followed by the IKE, with the LWE’s performance being the poorest overall.