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The dynamical equation of the spinning electron. (English) Zbl 1127.81326

Summary: We obtain by invariance arguments the relativistic and non-relativistic invariant dynamical equations of a classical model of a spinning electron. We apply the formalism to a particular classical model which satisfies Dirac’s equation when quantized. It is shown that the dynamics can be described in terms of the evolution of the point charge which satisfies a fourth-order differential equation or, alternatively, as a system of second-order differential equations by describing the evolution of both the centre of mass and centre of charge of the particle. As an application of the dynamical equations found, the Coulomb interaction between two spinning electrons is considered. We find from the classical viewpoint that these spinning electrons can form bound states under suitable initial conditions. Since the classical Coulomb interaction of two spinless point electrons does not allow for the existence of bound states, it is the spin structure that gives rise to new physical phenomena not described in the spinless case. Perhaps the paper may be interesting from the mathematical point of view but not from the point of view of physics.

MSC:

81Q05 Closed and approximate solutions to the Schrödinger, Dirac, Klein-Gordon and other equations of quantum mechanics
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