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Zeroth-order phase transitions and Zipf law quantization. (English. Russian original) Zbl 1127.82008
Theor. Math. Phys. 150, No. 1, 102-122 (2007); translation from Teor. Mat. Fiz. 150, No. 1, 118-142 (2007).
Summary: From the standpoint of thermodynamic averaging of fission microprocesses, we investigate the origin of radioactive release in an NPP after an accident or after resource depletion. The genesis of the NPP release is interpreted as a new thermodynamic phenomenon, a zeroth-order phase transition. This problem setting results in a problem in probabilistic number theory. We prove the corresponding theorem leading to quantization of the Zipf law for the frequency of a zeroth-order phase transition with different values of the jump of the Gibbs thermodynamic potential. We introduce the notion of hole dimension.
82B10 Quantum equilibrium statistical mechanics (general)
82B26 Phase transitions (general) in equilibrium statistical mechanics
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