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An “Anti-gleason” phenomenon and simultaneous measurements in classical mechanics. (English) Zbl 1129.81007
Summary: We report on an “anti-Gleason” phenomenon in classical mechanics: in contrast with the quantum case, the algebra of classical observables can carry a non-linear quasi-state, a monotone functional which is linear on all subspaces generated by Poisson-commuting functions. We present an example of such a quasi-state in the case when the phase space is the 2-sphere. This example lies in the intersection of two seemingly remote mathematical theories-symplectic topology and the theory of topological quasi-states. We use this quasi-state to estimate the error of the simultaneous measurement of non-commuting Hamiltonians.

MSC:
81P15 Quantum measurement theory, state operations, state preparations
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