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Self-induced stochastic resonance for Brownian ratchets under load. (English) Zbl 1134.60350

Summary: We consider a Brownian ratchet model where the particle on the ratchet is coupled to a cargo. We show that in a distinguished limit where the diffusion coefficient of the cargo is small, and the amplitude of thermal fluctuations is small, the system becomes completely coherent: the times at which the particle jumps across the teeth of the ratchet become deterministic. We also show that the dynamics of the ratchet-cargo system do not depend on the fine structure of the Brownian ratchet. These results are relevant in the context of molecular motors transporting a load, which are often modeled as a ratchet-cargo compound. They explain the regularity of the motor gait that has been observed in numerical experiments, as well as justify the coarsening into Markov jump processes which is commonly done in the literature.

MSC:

60H10 Stochastic ordinary differential equations (aspects of stochastic analysis)
34E13 Multiple scale methods for ordinary differential equations
60F10 Large deviations
60G35 Signal detection and filtering (aspects of stochastic processes)
92C10 Biomechanics
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