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Multivariate generalized Pareto distributions. (English) Zbl 1134.62028

Summary: Statistical inference for extremes has been a subject of intensive research over the past couple of decades. One approach is based on modelling exceedances of a random variable over a high threshold with the generalized Pareto (GP) distribution. This has proved to be an important way to apply extreme value theory in practice and is widely used.
We introduce a multivariate analogue of the GP distribution and show that it is characterized by each of following two properties: first, exceedances asymptotically have a multivariate GP distribution if and only if maxima asymptotically are extreme value distributed; and second, the multivariate GP distribution is the only one which is preserved under change of exceedance levels. We also discuss a bivariate example and lower-dimensional marginal distributions.

MSC:

62H05 Characterization and structure theory for multivariate probability distributions; copulas
62G32 Statistics of extreme values; tail inference

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