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Self-organized control of irregular or perturbed network traffic. (English) Zbl 1142.90350
Deissenberg, Christophe (ed.) et al., Optimal control and dynamic games. Applications in finance, management science and economics. Dedicated to Professor Suresh P. Sethi. New York, NY: Springer (ISBN 0-387-25804-3/hbk). Advances in Computational Management Science 7, 239-274 (2005).
Summary: We present a fluid-dynamic model for the simulation of urban traffic networks with road sections of different lengths and capacities. The model allows one to efficiently simulate the transitions between free and congested traffic, taking into account congestion-responsive traffic assignment and adaptive traffic control. We observe dynamic traffic patterns which significantly depend on the respective network topology. Synchronization is only one interesting example and implies the emergence of green waves. In this connection, we will discuss adaptive strategies of traffic light control which can considerably improve throughputs and travel times, using self-organization principles based on local interactions between vehicles and traffic lights. Similar adaptive control principles can be applied to other queueing networks such as production systems. In fact, we suggest to turn push operation of traffic systems into pull operation: By removing vehicles as fast as possible from the network, queuing effects can be most efficiently avoided. The proposed control concept can utilize the cheap sensor technologies available in the future and leads to reasonable operation modes. It is flexible, adaptive, robust, and decentralized rather than based on precalculated signal plans and a vulnerable traffic control center.
For the entire collection see [Zbl 1134.91003].

90B20 Traffic problems in operations research