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Boundary-layer corrections for stress and strain fields in randomly heterogeneous materials. (English) Zbl 1145.74329

Summary: Boundary-layer effects on the effective response of fibre-reinforced media are analysed. The distribution of the fibres is assumed random. A methodology is presented for obtaining non-local effective constitutive operators in the vicinity of a boundary. These relate ensemble averaged stress to ensemble averaged strain. Operators are also developed which re-construct the local fields from their ensemble averages. These require information on the local configuration of the medium. Complete information is likely not to be available, but averages of these operators conditional upon any given local information generate corresponding conditional averages of the fields. Explicit implementation is performed within the framework of an approximation of Hashin-Shtrikman type. Two types of geometry are considered in examples: a half-space and a crack in an infinite heterogeneous medium. These are representative, asymptotically, of the field in the vicinity of any smooth boundary, and in the vicinity of a crack tip, respectively. Results have been obtained for the case of anti-plane deformation, realized by the imposition of either Dirichlet or Neumann conditions on the boundary; those for the Neumann condition are presented and discussed explicitly. The stresses in both fibre and matrix adjacent to a crack tip are shown to differ substantially from the values that would be predicted by ordinary homogenization.

MSC:

74E05 Inhomogeneity in solid mechanics
74E35 Random structure in solid mechanics
74Q15 Effective constitutive equations in solid mechanics
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