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Modelling phase transition in metastable liquids: application to cavitating and flashing flows. (English) Zbl 1147.76060
Summary: We construct a hyperbolic two-phase flow model involving five partial differential equations for liquid-gas interface modelling. The model is able to deal with interfaces of simple contact where normal velocity and pressure are continuous as well as with transition fronts where heat and mass transfer occur, involving pressure and velocity jumps. These fronts correspond to extra waves in the system. The model involves two temperatures and entropies, but a single pressure and a single velocity. The closure is achieved by two equations of state that reproduce the phase diagram when equilibrium is reached. Relaxation toward equilibrium is achieved by temperature and chemical potential relaxation terms whose kinetics is considered infinitely fast at specific locations only, typically at evaporation fronts. Thus, metastable states are involved for locations far from these fronts. Computational results are compared to experimental ones. Computed and measured front speeds are of the same order of magnitude, and the same tendency of increasing front speed with initial temperature is reported. Moreover, the limit case of evaporation fronts propagating in highly metastable liquids with Chapman-Jouguet speed is recovered as an expansion wave of the present model in the limit of stiff thermal and chemical relaxation.

76T10 Liquid-gas two-phase flows, bubbly flows
80A22 Stefan problems, phase changes, etc.
80A20 Heat and mass transfer, heat flow (MSC2010)
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