Dynamical analysis of toxin producing Phytoplankton-Zooplankton interactions. (English) Zbl 1154.37384

Summary: In the present paper we consider a toxin producing phytoplankton-zooplankton model in which the toxin liberation by phytoplankton species follows a discrete time variation. Firstly we consider the elementary dynamical properties of the toxic-phytoplankton-zooplankton interacting model system in absence of time delay. Then we establish the existence of local Hopf-bifurcation as the time delay crosses a threshold value and also prove the existence of stability switching phenomena. Explicit results are derived for stability and direction of the bifurcating periodic orbit by using normal form theory and center manifold arguments. Global existence of periodic orbits is also established by using a global Hopf-bifurcation theorem. Finally, the basic outcomes are mentioned along with numerical results to provide some support to the analytical findings.


37N25 Dynamical systems in biology
92D40 Ecology
34K18 Bifurcation theory of functional-differential equations
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