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**An improved ant colony optimization for vehicle routing problem.**
*(English)*
Zbl 1156.90434

Summary: The vehicle routing problem (VRP), a well-known combinatorial optimization problem, holds a central place in logistics management. This paper proposes an improved ant colony optimization (IACO), which possesses a new strategy to update the increased pheromone, called ant-weight strategy, and a mutation operation, to solve VRP. The computational results for fourteen benchmark problems are reported and compared to those of other metaheuristic approaches.

### MSC:

90C27 | Combinatorial optimization |

90C59 | Approximation methods and heuristics in mathematical programming |

### Keywords:

vehicle routing problem; improved ant colony optimization; ant-weight strategy; mutation operation### Software:

OR-Library
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\textit{B. Yu} et al., Eur. J. Oper. Res. 196, No. 1, 171--176 (2009; Zbl 1156.90434)

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### References:

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