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Efficient primal-dual heuristic for a dynamic location problem. (English) Zbl 1159.90439
Summary: The dynamic location problem with opening, closure and reopening of facilities is formulated and an efficient primal-dual heuristic that computes both upper and lower limits to its optimal solution is described. The problem here studied considers the possibility of reconfiguring any location more than once over the planning horizon. This problem is NP-hard (the simple plant location problem is a special case of the problem studied). A primal-dual heuristic based on the work of D. Erlenkotter [Oper. Res. 26, 992–1009 (1978; Zbl 0422.90053)] and T. J. van Roy and D. Erlenkotter [Manage. Sci. 28, 1091–1105 (1982; Zbl 0495.90033)] was developed and tested over a set of randomly generated test problems. The results obtained are quite good, both in terms of the quality of lower and upper bounds calculated as in terms of the computational time spent by the heuristic. A branch-and-bound procedure that enables to optimize the problem is also described and tested over the same set of randomly generated problems.

MSC:
90B80 Discrete location and assignment
90C59 Approximation methods and heuristics in mathematical programming
90C57 Polyhedral combinatorics, branch-and-bound, branch-and-cut
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