Diversity of traveling wave solutions in delayed cellular neural networks.

*(English)* Zbl 1165.34393
Summary: This work investigates the diversity of traveling wave solutions for a class of delayed cellular neural networks on the one-dimensional integer lattice $\Bbb{Z}^1$. The dynamics of a given cell is characterized by instantaneous self-feedback and neighborhood interaction with distributed delay due to, for example, finite switching speed and finite velocity of signal transmission. Applying the monotone iteration scheme, we can deduce the existence of monotone traveling wave solutions provided the templates satisfy the so-called quasi-monotonicity condition.
We then consider two special cases of the delayed cellular neural network in which each cell interacts only with either the nearest $m$ left neighbors or the nearest $m$ right neighbors. For the former case, we can directly figure out the analytic solution in an explicit form by the method of step with the help of the characteristic function and then prove that, in addition to the existence of monotonic traveling wave solutions, for certaintemplates there exist nonmonotonic traveling wave solutions such as camel-like waves with many critical points.
For the latter case, employing the comparison arguments repeatedly, we can clarify the deformation of traveling wave solutions with respect to the wave speed. More specifically, we can describe the transition of profiles from monotonicity, damped oscillation, periodicity, unboundedness and back to monotonicity as the wave speed is varied. Some numerical results are also given to demonstrate the theoretical analysis.

##### MSC:

34K10 | Boundary value problems for functional-differential equations |

92B20 | General theory of neural networks (mathematical biology) |

34K07 | Theoretical approximation of solutions of functional-differential equations |

37L60 | Lattice dynamics (infinite-dimensional dissipative systems) |