A quantum regularization of the one-dimensional hydrodynamic model for semiconductors. (English) Zbl 1174.82348

Summary: The steady-state hydrodynamic equations for isothermal states including the quantum Bohm potential are analyzed. The one-dimensional equations for the electron current density and the particle density are coupled self-consistently to the Poisson equation for the electric potential. The quantum correction can be interpreted as a dispersive regularization of the classical hydrodynamic equations. Physically motivated Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions for the electron density are prescribed. The existence and uniqueness of strong solutions for sufficiently small current densities are proven. Furthermore, the classical limit (vanishing scaled Planck constant) and the zero-space-charge limit (vanishing scaled Debye length) are performed. The proofs are based on a transformation of variable for the electron density, yielding an forth-order, elliptic equation for the new variable. As a by-product of the classical limit, the existence of subsonic solutions to the hydrodynamic system is shown.


82D37 Statistical mechanics of semiconductors
35Q99 Partial differential equations of mathematical physics and other areas of application
76Y05 Quantum hydrodynamics and relativistic hydrodynamics