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**Control of flow using genetic algorithm for a circular cylinder executing rotary oscillation.**
*(English)*
Zbl 1177.76114

Summary: We propose here a new approach to optimally control incompressible viscous flow past a circular cylinder for drag minimization by rotary oscillation. The flow at \(Re = 15000\) is simulated by solving 2D Navier-Stokes equations in stream function-vorticity formulation. High accuracy compact scheme for space discretization and four stage Runge-Kutta scheme for time integration makes such simulation possible. While numerical solution for this flow field has been reported using a fast viscous-vortex method, to our knowledge, this has not been done at such a high Reynolds number by computing the Navier-Stokes equation before. The importance of scale resolution, aliasing problem and preservation of physical dispersion relation for such vortical flows of the used high accuracy schemes is highlighted.

For the dynamic problem, a novel genetic algorithm (GA) based optimization technique has been adopted, where solutions of Navier-Stokes equations are obtained using small time-horizons at every step of the optimization process, called a GA generation. Then the objective functions is evaluated that is followed by GA determined improvement of the decision variables. This procedure of time advancement can also be adopted to control such flows experimentally, as one obtains time-accurate solution of the Navier-Stokes equation subject to discrete changes of decision variables. The objective function - the time-averaged drag - is optimized using a real-coded genetic algorithm for the two decision variables, the maximum rotation rate and the forcing frequency of the rotary oscillation. Various approaches to optimal decision variables have been explored for the purpose of drag reduction and the collection of results are self-consistent and furthermore match well with experimental values.

For the dynamic problem, a novel genetic algorithm (GA) based optimization technique has been adopted, where solutions of Navier-Stokes equations are obtained using small time-horizons at every step of the optimization process, called a GA generation. Then the objective functions is evaluated that is followed by GA determined improvement of the decision variables. This procedure of time advancement can also be adopted to control such flows experimentally, as one obtains time-accurate solution of the Navier-Stokes equation subject to discrete changes of decision variables. The objective function - the time-averaged drag - is optimized using a real-coded genetic algorithm for the two decision variables, the maximum rotation rate and the forcing frequency of the rotary oscillation. Various approaches to optimal decision variables have been explored for the purpose of drag reduction and the collection of results are self-consistent and furthermore match well with experimental values.

### MSC:

76D55 | Flow control and optimization for incompressible viscous fluids |

92D99 | Genetics and population dynamics |

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\textit{T. K. Sengupta} et al., Comput. Fluids 36, No. 3, 578--600 (2007; Zbl 1177.76114)

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