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Nonideal Bose gases: correlation inequalities and Bose condensation. (English) Zbl 1178.82025
Theor. Math. Phys. 139, No. 3, 866-877 (2004); translation from Teor. Mat. Fiz. 139, No. 3, 499-511 (2004).
Summary: We consider two simple model systems describing effective repulsion in a nonideal Bose gas. The interaction Hamiltonians in these systems can be analytically represented as functions of the occupation number operators for modes with nonzero momenta (\(p\neq 0\)). One of these models contains an interaction term corresponding to repulsion of bosons with the mode \(p=0\) and ensuring the thermodynamic superstability of the system; the other model does not contain such a term. We use the Bogoliubov-Dirac-Ginibre approximation and the method of correlation inequalities to prove that a Bose condensate can exist in these model systems. Because of the character of interaction, the condensate can be formed in the superstable case for any values of the spatial dimensions, temperature, and positive chemical potentials.
82B21 Continuum models (systems of particles, etc.) arising in equilibrium statistical mechanics
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