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On the DDVV conjecture and the comass in calibrated geometry. I. (English) Zbl 1180.53055
Let $$M^n$$ be a $$n$$-dimensional manifold isometrically immersed into the space form $$N^{n+m}(c)$$ of constant sectional curvature $$c$$. In the study of submanifolds theory, De Smet, Dillen, Verstraelen and Vrancken made the following (DDVV) conjecture: Let $$h$$ be the second fundamental form, let $$H=\frac 1n\text{trace}\,h$$ be the mean curvature tensor, let $$\rho$$ and $$\rho^\perp$$ be the normalized scalar curvature for the tangent and the normal bundle, resp. Then $$\rho+\rho^\perp\leq | H|^2+C$$. This Conjecture, in terms of matrices, can be reformulated as follows conjecture $$P(n,m)$$. Let $$A_1,\dots,A_m$$ be the traceless $$n\times n$$ symmetric matrices. For $$n,m\geq 2$$ we have $\left(\sum^m_{r=1}\| A_r\|^2\right)^2\geq 2\left(\sum_{r<s} \|[A_r,A_s]\|^2\right).$ The main result of the paper is the following Theorem. Let $$A_i(i=1,\dots,m)$$ be $$3\times 3$$ symmetric matrices. Then $\left(\sum^m_{i=1}\| A_i\|^2\right)^2\geq 2 \left(\sum_{i<j}\| [A_i,A_js]\|^2\right).$ That is, the Conjecture $$P(3,m)$$ for $$m\geq 2$$ is true.

##### MSC:
 53C38 Calibrations and calibrated geometries 53C40 Global submanifolds
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