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Von Neumann and Luders postulates and quantum information theory. (English) Zbl 1180.81007
Summary: This note is devoted to some foundational aspects of quantum mechanics (QM) related to quantum information (QI), especially quantum teleportation and “one way quantum computing.” We emphasize the role of the projection postulate (determining post-measurement states) in QI and the difference between its Lüders and von Neumann versions. As is well-known, these postulates differ in the case of observables with degenerate spectra. Such observables are important in operations with entangled states: any measurement on one subsystem is represented by an observable with degenerate spectrum in the Hilbert space of a composite system. Some QI schemes (e.g., quantum teleportation and “one way quantum computing”) are based on the use of Lüders postulate. The formal application of von Neumann postulate can block these QI schemes. In this note, we present a list of natural conditions under which von Neumann’s description of measurements via refinement implies Lüders projection postulate.

81P15Quantum measurement theory
81P45Quantum information, communication, networks
81P68Quantum computation
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