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Core stability of vertex cover games. (English) Zbl 1194.91056

Summary: In this paper, we focus on the core stability of vertex cover games, which arise from vertex cover problems on graphs. Based on duality theory of linear programming, we prove that a balanced vertex cover game has a stable core if and only if every edge belongs to a maximum matching in the underlying graph. We also prove that for a totally balanced vertex cover game, the core largeness, extendability, and exactness are all equivalent, which implies core stability. Furthermore, we show that core stability and the three related properties can be determined efficiently.

MSC:

91A43 Games involving graphs
91A06 \(n\)-person games, \(n>2\)
90C05 Linear programming
91A12 Cooperative games
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