Homogenization of a Darcy-Stokes system modeling vuggy porous media. (English) Zbl 1197.76122

Summary: We derive a macroscopic model for single-phase, incompressible, viscous fluid flow in a porous medium with small cavities called vugs. We model the vuggy medium on the microscopic scale using Stokes equations within the vugular inclusions, Darcy’s law within the porous rock, and a Beavers-Joseph-Saffman boundary condition on the interface between the two regions. We assume periodicity of the medium and obtain uniform energy estimates independent of the period. Through a two-scale homogenization limit as the period tends to zero, we obtain a macroscopic Darcy’s law governing the medium on larger scales. We also develop some needed generalizations of the two-scale convergence theory needed for our bimodal medium, including a two-scale convergence result on the Darcy-Stokes interface. The macroscopic Darcy permeability is computable from the solution of a cell problem. An analytic solution to this problem in a simple geometry suggests that: (1) flow along vug channels is primarily Poiseuille with a small perturbation related to the Beavers-Joseph slip, and (2) flow that alternates from vug to matrix behaves as if the vugs have infinite permeability.


76S05 Flows in porous media; filtration; seepage
76M50 Homogenization applied to problems in fluid mechanics
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