Ghosts in the self-accelerating universe. (English) Zbl 1197.83005

Summary: The self-accelerating universe realizes the accelerated expansion of the universe at late times by large-distance modification of general relativity (GR) without a cosmological constant. The Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati (DGP) braneworld model provides an explicit example of the self-accelerating universe. Recently, the DGP model became very popular for studying the observational consequences of the modified gravity models as an alternative to dark energy models in GR. However, it has been shown that the self-accelerating universe in the DGP model contains a ghost at the linearized level. The ghost carries negative energy densities and it leads to the instability of the spacetime. In this review, we review the origin of the ghost in the self-accelerating universe and explore the physical implications of the existence of the ghost.


83-02 Research exposition (monographs, survey articles) pertaining to relativity and gravitational theory
83F05 Relativistic cosmology
83E30 String and superstring theories in gravitational theory
83C25 Approximation procedures, weak fields in general relativity and gravitational theory
83C45 Quantization of the gravitational field
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