The flow simulation of a low-specific-speed high-speed centrifugal pump. (English) Zbl 1202.76109

Summary: A general three-dimensional simulation of turbulent fluid flow is presented to predict velocity and pressure fields for a centrifugal pump. A commercial CFD code was used to solve the governing equations of the flow field. In order to study the most suitable turbulence model, three known turbulence models of standard \(k-\epsilon \), RNG and RSM were applied. The complex flow configuration required us to use around 5,800,000 cells, and 12 computational nodes (processors) for parallel computing. Simulation results in the form of characteristic curves were compared with available experimental data, and an acceptable agreement was obtained. Additionally, effect of number of blades on the efficiency of pump was studied. The number of blades was changed from 5 to 7. The results show that the impeller with 7 blades has the highest head coefficient. Finally, it was observed also that the position of blades with respect to the tongue of volute has great effect on the start of the separation. Thus, to analyze the effect of blade number on the characteristics of the pump, the position of blade and tongue should be similar to each other. Investigations of this kind may help to reduce the required experimental work for the development and design of such devices.


76M25 Other numerical methods (fluid mechanics) (MSC2010)
Full Text: DOI


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