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Finite element approximations of harmonic map heat flows and wave maps into spheres of nonconstant radii. (English) Zbl 1203.65174
Authors’ abstract: We prove the existence of weak solutions to the harmonic map heat flow, and wave maps into spheres of nonconstant radii. Weak solutions are constructed as proper limits of iterates from a fully practical scheme based on lowest order conforming finite elements, where discrete Lagrange multipliers are employed to exactly meet the sphere constraint at mesh-points. Computational studies are included to motivate interesting dynamics in two and three spatial dimensions.

65M60 Finite element, Rayleigh-Ritz and Galerkin methods for initial value and initial-boundary value problems involving PDEs
65M12 Stability and convergence of numerical methods for initial value and initial-boundary value problems involving PDEs
35K55 Nonlinear parabolic equations
35Q35 PDEs in connection with fluid mechanics
Full Text: DOI
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