Non-holonomic mechanics: a geometrical treatment of general coupled rolling motion.

*(English)*Zbl 1203.70036Summary: In the presented paper, a problem of non-holonomic constrained mechanical systems is treated. New methods in non-holonomic mechanics are applied to a problem of a general coupled rolling motion. Two goals are stressed.

The first of them lies in the solution of an originally formulated problem of rolling motion of two rigid cylindrical bodies in the homogeneous gravitational field leading typically to non-linear equations of motion. A solid cylinder can roll inside a ring under the static frictional force assuring rolling without slipping, the ring rolls again without slipping along a generally shaped terrain formed by hills and valleys. “Surprising behaviour” of the mechanical system which permits interesting applications is studied and discussed.

The second purpose of the paper is to show that the geometrical theory of non-holonomic constrained systems on fibered manifolds proposed and developed in the last decade by Krupková and others is an effective tool for solving non-holonomic mechanical problems. A comparison of this method to alternative methods is given and the benefits of coordinate-free formulation are mentioned.

In this paper, the geometrical theory is applied to the abovementioned mechanical problem. Both types of equations of motion resulting from the theory-deformed equations with the so-called Chetaev-type constraint forces containing Lagrange multipliers, and reduced equations free from multipliers-are found and discussed. Numerical solutions for two particular cases of the motion of the cylindrical system along a cylindrical surface are presented.

The first of them lies in the solution of an originally formulated problem of rolling motion of two rigid cylindrical bodies in the homogeneous gravitational field leading typically to non-linear equations of motion. A solid cylinder can roll inside a ring under the static frictional force assuring rolling without slipping, the ring rolls again without slipping along a generally shaped terrain formed by hills and valleys. “Surprising behaviour” of the mechanical system which permits interesting applications is studied and discussed.

The second purpose of the paper is to show that the geometrical theory of non-holonomic constrained systems on fibered manifolds proposed and developed in the last decade by Krupková and others is an effective tool for solving non-holonomic mechanical problems. A comparison of this method to alternative methods is given and the benefits of coordinate-free formulation are mentioned.

In this paper, the geometrical theory is applied to the abovementioned mechanical problem. Both types of equations of motion resulting from the theory-deformed equations with the so-called Chetaev-type constraint forces containing Lagrange multipliers, and reduced equations free from multipliers-are found and discussed. Numerical solutions for two particular cases of the motion of the cylindrical system along a cylindrical surface are presented.

##### MSC:

70F25 | Nonholonomic systems related to the dynamics of a system of particles |