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Global asymptotic stability for half-linear differential systems with coefficients of indefinite sign. (English) Zbl 1212.34156
Summary: This paper is concerned with the global asymptotic stability of the zero solution of the half-linear differential system \[ x' = -e(t)x + f(t)\phi _{p^{\ast }}(y), \quad y' = -g(t)\phi _p(x) - h(t)y, \] where \(p > 1\), \(p^{\ast } > 1\) (\(1/p + 1/p^{\ast } = 1\)), and \(\phi _q(z) = | z| ^{q-2}z\) for \(q = p\) or \(q = p^*\). The coefficients are not assumed to be positive. This system includes the linear differential system \(\mathbf {x}' = A(t)\mathbf {x}\) with \(A(t)\) being a \(2 \times 2\) matrix as a special case. Our results are new even in the linear case (\(p = p^{\ast } = 2\)). Our results also answer the question whether the zero solution of the linear system is asymptotically stable even when Coppel’s condition does not hold and the real part of every eigenvalue of \(A(t)\) is not always negative for \(t\) sufficiently large. Some suitable examples are included to illustrate our results.

34D23 Global stability of solutions to ordinary differential equations
34D05 Asymptotic properties of solutions to ordinary differential equations
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