Activity classification and anomaly detection using \(m\)-mediods based modelling of motion patterns. (English) Zbl 1213.68532

Summary: Techniques for video object motion analysis, behaviour recognition and event detection are becoming increasingly important with the rapid increase in demand for and deployment of video surveillance systems. Motion trajectories provide rich spatiotemporal information about an object’s activity. This paper presents a novel technique for classification of motion activity and anomaly detection using object motion trajectory. In the proposed motion learning system, trajectories are treated as time series and modelled using modified DFT-based coefficient feature space representation. A modelling technique, referred to as \(m\)-mediods, is proposed that models the class containing \(n\) members with \(m\) mediods. Once the \(m\)-mediods based model for all the classes have been learnt, the classification of new trajectories and anomaly detection can be performed by checking the closeness of said trajectory to the models of known classes. A mechanism based on agglomerative approach is proposed for anomaly detection. Four anomaly detection algorithms using \(m\)-mediods based representation of classes are proposed. These includes: (i)global merged anomaly detection (GMAD), (ii) localized merged anomaly detection (LMAD), (iii) global un-merged anomaly detection (GUAD), and (iv) localized un-merged anomaly detection (LUAD). Our proposed techniques are validated using variety of simulated and complex real life trajectory datasets.


68T10 Pattern recognition, speech recognition
Full Text: DOI


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