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Dominating sets and domination polynomials of certain graphs. II. (English) Zbl 1220.05084
Summary: The domination polynomial of a graph $G$ of order $n$ is the polynomial $$D(G, x)=\sum^n_{i=\gamma(G)} d(G, i)x^i,$$ where $d(G,i)$ is the number of dominating sets of $G$ of size $i$, and $\gamma(G)$ is the domination number of $G$. In this paper, we obtain some properties of the coefficients of $D(G,x)$. Also, by study of the dominating sets and the domination polynomials of specific graphs denoted by $G'(m)$, we obtain a relationship between the domination polynomial of graphs containing an induced path of length at least three, and the domination polynomial of related graphs obtained by replacing the path by shorter path. As examples of graphs $G'(m)$, we study the dominating sets and domination polynomials of cycles and generalized theta graphs. Finally, we show that, if $n\equiv 2\pmod 3$ and $D(G,x)= D(C_n, x)$, then $G= C_n$.

05C69Dominating sets, independent sets, cliques
05C31Graph polynomials
11B83Special sequences of integers and polynomials
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