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Stein’s method for dependent random variables occuring in statistical mechanics. (English) Zbl 1225.60042
Summary: We develop Stein’s method for exchangeable pairs for a rich class of distributional approximations including the Gaussian distributions as well as the non-Gaussian limit distributions. As a consequence, we obtain convergence rates in limit theorems of partial sums for certain sequences of dependent, identically distributed random variables which arise naturally in statistical mechanics, in particular in the context of the Curie-Weiss models. Our results include a Berry-Esseen rate in the central limit theorem for the total magnetization in the classical Curie-Weiss model for high temperatures as well as at the critical temperature, where the central limit theorem fails. Moreover, we analyze Berry-Esseen bounds as the temperature converges to one and obtain a threshold for the speed of this convergence. Single spin distributions satisfying the Griffiths-Hurst-Sherman (GHS) inequality like models of liquid helium or continuous Curie-Weiss models are considered.

MSC:
60F05 Central limit and other weak theorems
82B20 Lattice systems (Ising, dimer, Potts, etc.) and systems on graphs arising in equilibrium statistical mechanics
82B26 Phase transitions (general) in equilibrium statistical mechanics
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