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Invariant manifolds and dispersive Hamiltonian evolution equations. (English) Zbl 1235.37002

Zurich Lectures in Advanced Mathematics. Zürich: European Mathematical Society (EMS) (ISBN 978-3-03719-095-1/pbk). 253 p. (2011).
The notion of an invariant manifold arises naturally in the asymptotic stability analysis of stationary or standing wave solutions of unstable dispersive Hamiltonian evolution equations such as the focusing semilinear Klein-Gordon and Schrödinger equations. This is due to the fact that the linearized operators about such special solutions typically exhibit negative eigenvalues (a single one for the ground state), which lead to exponential instability of the linearized flow and allow for ideas from hyperbolic dynamics to enter. One of the main results proved here for energy subcritical equations is that the center-stable manifold associated with the ground state appears as a hyper-surface which separates a region of finite-time blowup in forward time from one which exhibits global existence and scattering to zero in forward time. Our entire analysis takes place in the energy topology, and the conserved energy can exceed the ground state energy only by a small amount. This monograph is based on recent research by the authors and the proofs rely on an interplay between the variational structure of the ground states on the one hand, and the nonlinear hyperbolic dynamics near these states on the other hand. A key element in the proof is a virial-type argument excluding almost homoclinic orbits originating near the ground states, and returning to them, possibly after a long excursion.
These lectures are suitable for graduate students and researchers in partial differential equations and mathematical physics. For the cubic Klein-Gordon equation in three dimensions all details are provided, including the derivation of Strichartz estimates for the free equation and the concentration-compactness argument leading to scattering due to Kenig and Merle.

MSC:

37-02 Research exposition (monographs, survey articles) pertaining to dynamical systems and ergodic theory
37D10 Invariant manifold theory for dynamical systems
37K40 Soliton theory, asymptotic behavior of solutions of infinite-dimensional Hamiltonian systems
37K45 Stability problems for infinite-dimensional Hamiltonian and Lagrangian systems
35L70 Second-order nonlinear hyperbolic equations
35Q55 NLS equations (nonlinear Schrödinger equations)
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