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On sets of vectors of a finite vector space in which every subset of basis size is a basis. (English) Zbl 1241.15002
Summary: It is shown that the maximum size of a set ${ S}$ of vectors of a $k$-dimensional vector space over ${\mathbb F}_q$, with the property that every subset of size $k$ is a basis, is at most $q+1$, if $k \leq p$, and at most $q+k-p$, if $q \geq k \geq p+1 \geq 4$, where $q=p^h$ and $p$ is prime. Moreover, for $k\leq p$, the sets $S$ of maximum size are classified, generalising Beniamino Segre’s “arc is a conic” theorem. These results have various implications. One such implication is that a $k\times (p+2)$ matrix, with $k \leq p$ and entries from ${\mathbb F}_p$, has $k$ columns which are linearly dependent. Another is that the uniform matroid of rank $r$ that has a base set of size $n \geq r+2$ is representable over ${\mathbb F}_p$ if and only if $n \leq p+1$. It also implies that the main conjecture for maximum distance separable codes is true for prime fields; that there are no maximum distance separable linear codes over ${\mathbb F}_p$, of dimension at most $p$, longer than the longest Reed-Solomon codes. The classification implies that the longest maximum distance separable linear codes, whose dimension is bounded above by the characteristic of the field, are Reed-Solomon codes.

MSC:
15A03Vector spaces, linear dependence, rank
05B35Matroids, geometric lattices (combinatorics)
51E21Blocking sets, ovals, $k$-arcs
94B05General theory of linear codes
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References:
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