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Randomised reproducing graphs. (English) Zbl 1244.05211
Summary: We introduce a model for a growing random graph based on simultaneous reproduction of the vertices. The model can be thought of as a generalisation of the reproducing graphs of Southwell and Cannings and Bonato et al to allow for a random element, and there are three parameters, \(\alpha, \beta\) and \(\gamma\), which are the probabilities of edges appearing between different types of vertices.
We show that as the probabilities associated with the model vary there are a number of phase transitions, in particular concerning the degree sequence. If \((1+\alpha)(1+\gamma)<1\) then the degree distribution converges to a stationary distribution, which in most cases has an approximately power law tail with an index which depends on \(\alpha\) and \(\gamma\). If \((1+\alpha)(1+\gamma)>1\) then the degree of a typical vertex grows to infinity, and the proportion of vertices having any fixed degree \(d\) tends to zero. We also give some results on the number of edges and on the spectral gap.

MSC:
05C82 Small world graphs, complex networks (graph-theoretic aspects)
05C80 Random graphs (graph-theoretic aspects)
60G99 Stochastic processes
60J10 Markov chains (discrete-time Markov processes on discrete state spaces)
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